High Energy/Density Materials
- Semiconductor lasers
- Advanced Detectors
High energy-density materials include explosives, munitions, and improved propellants.
Advanced propellants increase performance of rocket boosters and help reduce visible plume signatures under certain atmospheric conditions, thereby decreasing the potential for in-flight detection. New very powerful explosives can significantly increase the effectiveness of precision-guided munitions, such as missiles and torpedoes, against hard targets.
New fuel-air explosives and advanced explosives could lead to improved conventional weapons that would be more effective against their intended targets. While main applications of high energy-density materials are military, there may also be some applications to space launch since the United States needs a higher ISP solid rocket.