Limits and Benefits of Transplantation

Limits in the transplantation process are as follows:

  1. Will the public find the idea of zenotransplants acceptable?
  2. To what degree can the "wait time" be decreased for a recipient?
  3. Which ethical issues will be raised?
  4. Can current restriction on organ donors be changed?
  5. Will zenoplants produce new pathogens into humans?
  6. How will the right of the first "pioneer patients" of zenoplants be protected?
  7. Can the cost of zenoplants or regular transplantations ever be reduced?
  8. Under what conditions should health insurances cover costs of zenoplants or regular transplantations?
  9. How will facilities be forced to meet certain criteria for zenoplants?
  10. If more donors would share their decisions with family, would more organs become available?
  11. To what degree will organ rejection continue to be problematic?
  12. Is it ethical to use pig-organs in humans?
  13. Can a national system for organ sharing be developed?
  14. What will be the storage problem with zenoplants?
  15. Will patient need increase if criteria used in patient selection is made less restrictive?
  16. What kind of public and professional education program is needed to invest in zenoplant services?
  17. Should the state or federal government set accreditations standards for zenoplant centers?


  1. More sources for organ transplants occur with zenoplants.
  2. Higher rates of success, hopefully, with zenoplants.
  3. By changing some restrictions on organ donors, more recipients are served.
  4. Newer biotechnology may reduce the cost in time?
  5. Less "wait time" for recipients, perhaps.
  6. More hope for friends and family when zenoplants do become routine and successful.



Affect on People's Lives

Economic Impact

Transplant History

Critical Technology

Impact of Technology

Limits & Benefits



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