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Component One

Component Three

Apparel Design Samples

Comparative Flammability Graph

What is Modacrylic fiber?

Abstract from Prelude Project

Research Report

Mind Map Process Plan (Design Screen)

Team Profile

Team Assessment

Works Cited

Task One: Two Companies and One Product

 Beijing Sincoheren Science & Technology Developing Company

http://www.sincoheren.com.cn/en/index.asp

They produce oxford cloth as a alternative fabric that is specifically flame resistant. This is made of woven polyester or nylon, and is waterproof.  It is very suitable for the production of clothes, bags, shoe products, casual jacket fabrics, and airbags. It is a durable and smooth material that is wrinkle resistant.

 

Sikorsky Aircraft Corp.

http://www.sikorsky.com/sik/index.asp

This company is a world leader in the designing, manufacturing, and servicing of advanced helicopters for commercial, industrial and military uses.  They introduced Computer-Aided Process Planning into their production system to help bridge the information gap between engineering design and manufacturing.  Many of their helicopters are built using a Computer-Aided Process Plan.

 

Task Two: One Professional Association

       The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) — which includes the National Fire

Academy (NFA) — is an entity within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), now part of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Its objective is to significantly reduce the nation’s loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and nonfatal injury due to fire.  Part of this mission includes finding better, more flame resistant fabrics for clothing and apparel in order to protect people in the case of a housefire. They support companies who produce clothes like this or who are doing research in this field.  The USFA also strives to provide leadership, coordination, and support for the nation’s fire prevention and control, fire training and education, and emergency medical services activities.

      Currently, the USFA is located on the grounds of the National Emergency Training Center in Emmitsburg, Maryland. The USFA is divided in to several branches. USFA programs include the following: Data Collection, Public Education and Awareness, Training, and Technology.  Around 2,250 people are employed by the USFA nationwide.

 

Task Three: Propose a Product

       As an innovative product idea in the manufacturing category, we propose the formation of a process plan to produce extremely flame resistant clothing.  This clothing would be specifically marketed for the independently living elderly and would be made from modacrylic fiber.

      A detailed manufacturing plan with specific steps will be developed using variant and generative Computer-Aided Process Planning. This plan would be used to manufacture and market clothing made from modacrylic fiber.  Modacrylics are soft, strong, resilient, and dimensionally stable. They have outstanding resistance to chemicals and solvents, are not attacked by moths or mildew, and are nonallergenic. They can be easily dyed, show good press and shape retention, and are quick to dry. When tested among cellulose, protein, and synthetic fibers, modacrylic was by far the least flammable. This fiber has not yet been explored as a widely used fabric for apparel.

      Our clothing would be marketed for the indepently living elderly, who are at the greatest risk of death or serious injury in the case of a housefire.  This risk of death or injury by fire increases dramatically with age: according to the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS), thirty-one percent of those people who died in 2001 of fire-related causes were over the age of 65.  On average, more than 1,000 Americans aged 65 and older die in home fires each year, and more than 2000 are injured.  The elderly are at least 2.5 times more likely to die in a residential fire than the rest of our population.  The "oldest old," adults over age 85, are four times more likely to die in a fire than members of other age groups.  This is why the most superior flame resistance would be necessary for the clothing of this age group.

      Computer-Aided Process Planning would increase efficiency and productivity of the manufacturing of this product.  It would require the construction of a detailed step-by-step plan that could be applied to several factories at once. Computer-aided process planning initially evolved as a means to electronically store a process plan once it was created, retrieve it, modify it for a new part and print the plan. Other capabilities of this stage are table-driven cost and standard estimating systems. It also makes it much easier to communicate among multiple factories.

      This novel product would greatly decrease the chances of death by fire. With a efficient manufacturing process and untapped fiber that shows so much potential, this product could also open up research and further development of flame resistant apparel and household fabrics. This product would attend to an important issue that has yet to be  addressed properly.

 

Task Four: Email Companies

 To Beijing Sincoheren Science & Technology Developing Co., Ltd and Flourish Company---

Hello Ms. Anglia Qiu,

 I am a high school student working on an ISTF (Internet Science Technology Fair) science project. My team is researching a way to manufacture flame resistant clothing made of modacrylic fiber using Computer-Aided Process Planning.  I was wondering whether you could offer us any brief council from your background in this field.

 How does manufacturing clothing work? Has your company considered using modacrylic fiber in your line of clothing? Have you ever heard of using process planning for the manufacturing of clothing? What are the main steps in manufacturing clothing?

 We would greatly appreciate an evaluation of our proposed ideas and any further information you are able to provide. Thank you for your time.

 Sincerely,

Kara D.

 

 

To Sikorsky Aircrafts----

 Hello Sikorsky Aircrafts!

 I am a high school student working on an ISTF (Internet Science Technology Fair) science project. My team is researching a way to manufacture flame resistant clothing made of modacrylic fiber using Computer-Aided Process Planning.  I was wondering whether you could offer us any brief council from your knowledge of this process planning field.

 How does Computer-Aided Process Planning work? How has using this process planning tool affected your company's efficiency? Do you know how this process planning tool could be applied in the manufacturing of clothing? What are the greatest challenges and benefits from using these process plans?

 We would greatly appreciate an evaluation of our proposed ideas and any further information you are able to provide. Thank you for your time.

 Sincerely,

Kara D.